Beloosesky Gallery is interested in purchasing sculpture by Jacques Lipchitz.
Please call (917) 749-4577 or email us at email@example.com
Jacques Lipchitz, the eldest son of a wealthy Jewish contractor, was born in Druskieniki, Lithuania in 1891. His interest in modeling and drawing was evident when he was in grade school. At the age of 18, and against the wishes of his father to become an engineer, he departed for Paris to enroll in anatomy and stone carving classes at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts - at the encouragement of his mother and uncle. He also studied at the Academie Julian and the Academie Colarossi.
In 1914, Lipchitz traveled with Diego Rivera to Madrid and Majorca, where he was introduced to Picasso, Max Jacob, Juan Gris, Modigliani, and other artists in the Cubist circle. However, his greatest influence came from his interest in art history, providing him with an unlimited source of imagery.
Lipchitz applied theories of mathematics and proportion to the concepts of Braque and Picasso, as did many second generation Cubists. A relatively new movement in art was being created, where curves, planes, lines, and their intersections and overlapping would form new relationships. His works display a lifetime of continuous growth and exploration, spanning the Cubism style to Mannerism, and subjects from non-committal to those that carry profound visual symbolism. Although he was a leader in innovation and experimentation, his work never embraced total abstraction and never tried to escape from the reality of art as symbolic expression.
In the mid-1920s, Lipchitz began making sculptures in a distinctively new style. His sculptures were frequently constructed from bronze and engaged new ways of exploring light and space. These new works, called transparents, provided a greater emphasis on utilizing negative space. Although unpopular at the time, the works and ideas behind the transparents became popular with Picasso and Juan Gris.
After 1925, Lipchitz departed from the Cubist manner and began to soften the geometric angularity of his pieces into curvilinear, openwork sculptures whose expressive subjects were drawn from ancient mythology and the Bible. He achieved naturalism in these works that can be seen in Woman Leaning on Elbow.
In 1941, Varian Fry was instrumental in facilitating Lipchitz to flee Vichy, France, to the United States -- during the German invasion of France. Lipchitz relocated in New York where he continued to fill commissions from all over the world including The Spirit of Enterprise, Fairmount Park, Philadelphia; Notre Dame de Liesse, Assy in Haute-Savoie; and his most famous work commissioned for the 1937 Paris Exposition Universelle entitled "Prometheus". (In the myth, the gods punish Prometheus for bringing fire to humans by turning him into stone and allowing a vulture to peck at his liver. In the piece, however, Prometheus is shown unchained, strangling the vulture, used as a symbol of ignorance.) In 1951, he presented Fry with his completed Embracing Figures. In 1952, a fire destroyed and claimed most of Lipchitz' work.
In 1955, he began producing his celebrated semi-automatics-masses of clay or plasticine, which he would first mold underwater using only his sense of touch.
Examples of his work can be seen in the Museum of Modern Art, New York City, and the Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pennsylvania.
Biography from the Archives of AskART
Chaim Jacob Lipchitz born on August 22, in Druskieniki, Lithuania. He is the first of six children to Abraham Lipchitz, a young building contractor, and Rachael Leah Krinsky
Attends high school in Vilna
Arrives in Paris
First prize - sculpture, Académie Julian, Paris, France
Studies with Jean-Antoine Ingalbert at the École des Beaux-Arts as a 'free pupil'
Receives praise for Woman and Gazelles exhibited at the Salon d'Automne. Meets Picasso and other Cubist painters through Diego Rivera. Creates his first proto Cubist sculptures. Attends the infamous premiere of Igor Stravinsky's Rites of Spring.
Meets and lives with poet Berthe Kitrosser whom he later marries
Signs a contract with the dealer Léonce Rosenberg who gives him a monthly stipend. Becomes a close friend of Juan Gris
Becomes a French citizen
Joins the gallery of Jeanne Bucher
First large retrospective exhibition of 100 works is held at Jean Bucher’s Galérie de la Renaissance, Paris. The show is favorably received. Begins to explore biblical themes and the image of mother and child.
Exhibits a large scale plaster of David and Goliath at the Salon des Indépendents, Paris. His mother dies.
From August through October, he takes a trip to Russia to visit family. The artist has his first important exhibition in the United States, held at the Brummer Gallery, New York, but is unable to attend.
The French government commissions him to create a monumental plaster sculpture (Prometheus Strangling the Vulture) for the entrance to the Science Pavilion at the Paris World’s Fair, the same exposition where Picasso's Guernica and Gonzáles's Monserrat are shown in the Spanish Pavilion
Renews acquaintance with Gertrude Stein and produces two bronze portraits
In May he flees with Berthe to Toulouse when the Germans occupy Paris
He seeks asylum in the United States and with the help of his American friends, he arrives in New York on June 13. Joseph Brummer, now exclusively dealing in antiques, introduces the artist to Curt Valentin of the Buchholz Gallery. Mr. Valentin, who becomes his New York dealer, immediately begins to sell his work. He rents a studio in New York City on Washington Square South.
Begins to exhibit regularly at the Buchholz Gallery
Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur, French Republic, Paris, France
Married Yulla Halberstadt. His only child, Lolya Rachel, is born
George D. Widener Memorial Gold Medal Award - Prometheus Strangling the Vulture, Pennsylvania Academy of Arts, Philadelphia, PA
Nôtre Dame de Liesse is completed for Nôtre Dame de Toute Grâce at Assy
Receives Creative Arts Award from Brandeis University
He begins to be represented by the Otto Gerson Gallery, New York (later the Marlborough Gerson and presently the Marlborough Gallery, Inc.).
Travels for the first time to Israel
Receives an award for cultural achievement from Boston University and is made an Honorary Doctor of Laws by the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York
Marlborough-Gerson Gallery, New York, exhibits Images from Italy. Receives Gold Medal from the Academy of Arts and Letters, New York
Receives the Einstein Commemorative Award of Merit from the Medical Center of Yeshiva University, New York, and Medal of Achievement from American Institute of Architects.
The artist travels to Israel for the retrospective exhibit at the Tel Aviv Museum which inaugurates the new museum
The artist dies on the island of Capri and is later buried on Har Hamenuhot, Jerusalem
Jacques Lipchitz: De la Joie de Vivre al Árbol de la Vida, Museo de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain (solo)
Innovations in the Third Dimension: Sculpture of Our Times, Bruce Museum, Greenwich, CT
American Artists from the Russian Empire, Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia
Bizarre Perfection, Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel
La Escultura en la Colección del IVAM, Institut Valencia d’Art Modern, Centro Julio Gonzalez, Valencia, Spain
Jacques Lipchitz: Rétrospective, Le Bellevue, Biarritz, France (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz: Dibujos, Bilbao Bizkaia Kutxa, Bilbao, Spain (solo)
The Anatomy of a Sculptor, Ben Uri Gallery, London, England (solo)
Art Videos at the Gallery – Jacques Lipchitz: Portrait of the Artist, Barn Gallery, Ogunquit, ME (solo)
Encuentros, Jacques Lipchitz y el arte primitivo, Marlborough Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz: Sculptures - bas-reliefs et dessins, Marlborough Monaco, Monte Carlo, Monaco (solo)
American Artists from the Russian Empire, Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK; traveled to the State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia; State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia; San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, CA
Matisse, Picasso and Modern Art in Paris: The T. Catesby Jones Collections, works from the collections of the University of Virginia Art Museum and the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Charlottesville, VA
Paris Portraits: Artists, Friends, and Lovers, The Bruce Museum, Greenwich, CT
Jacques Lipchitz: Early Works, Reliefs and Drawings, Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY
Jacques Lipchitz: Interación de Formas, Fundación Bilbao Bizkaia Kutxa, Bilbao, Spain (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz: Donation, Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao, Bilbao, Spain (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz: Sculpture and Drawings 1912 – 1972, Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz: Dibujos y Esculturas, Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao, Bilbao, Spain (solo)
Los Dibujos de Lipchitz/ Lipchitz’s Drawings, Institut Valencià d’Art Modern, Valencia, Spain (solo)
Lipchitz and the Avant-Garde: From Paris to New York, Krannert Art Museum and Kinkead Pavilion, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (solo)
Lipchitz dans les Jardins du Palais Royal, Les Jardins du Palais Royal, Paris, France; traveled to Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield, UK (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz: Escultura 1911-1971, Marlborough Gallery, Madrid, Spain (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz: Sculpture 1910-1940, The Paris Years, Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz: Esculturas, 1913-1972, Galería Marlborough Madrid, Spain (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz (1891-1973), Centro de Arte Palacio Almudi Murcia, Spain (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz: From Sketch to Sculpture, Tel Aviv Museum of Art Tel Aviv, Israel (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz: A Life in Sculpture, Art Gallery of Ontario Toronto, Canada & traveling (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz: Esculturas en Bronce, Galería Freites Caracas, Venezuela (solo)
Hommage a Lipchitz: Oeuvres de 1914 a 1963, Galerie Hawan Moss & FIAC '88, Grand Palais Paris, France (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz: The Cubist Period (1913-1930), Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz: Esculturas, Galería Fernando Quintana Bogota, Colombia (solo)
The Lipchitz Gift: Models for Sculpture, The Tate Gallery London, England (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz: Sculptor and Collector, Albert and Vera List Visual Arts Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz: Mother and Child, Norman Mackenzie Art Gallery, University of Regina, Saskatchewan (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz: Sculptures (Biblical Themes) 1930-1972, Aberbach Fine Art, New York, NY (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz: Small Sculptures, Maquettes and Drawings, 1915-1972, Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz, Galerie Brusberg, Hannover, Germany (solo)
Sculptures and Drawings from the Cubist Epoch, Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Selected Master Drawings of Jacques Lipchitz: 1910 - 1958, Trisolini Gallery of Ohio University, Athens, OH; The Columbus Gallery of Fine Arts; Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY; Marlborough Godard, Toronto, Ontario (solo)
Sculptures by Jacques Lipchitz, Brooks Memorial Art Gallery, Memphis, TN (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz: Sculptures and Drawings, Marlborough Fine Art, London; traveled as Jacques Lipchitz: Skulpturen und Zeichnungen to Marlborough Galerie, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
Jacques Lipchitz: His Life in Sculpture, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY (solo)
Sprengel Museum, Hannover, Germany
Tate Gallery, London, England
Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv, Israel
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT
Musée d’Art et d’Histoire du Judaïsme, Paris, France
Musée National d’Art Modern, Centre George Pompidou, Paris, France
of Modern Art, New York, NY
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
New Orleans Museum of Art, New Orleans, LA
Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA
Portland Art Museum, Portland, OR
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA
Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, New York, NY
Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Germany
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC
Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts at Stanford University, Stanford, CA
Israel Museum and Billy Rose Art Garden, Jerusalem, Israel
Kunsthaus Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Montréal Museum of Fine Arts, Montréal, Quebec, Canada
Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France
Musée des Beaux-Arts, Nancy, France
Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, TX
Currier Gallery of Art, Manchester, NH
Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, TX
Denver Art Museum, Denver, CO
Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, IO
Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, Rome, Italy
Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague, The Netherlands
Hakone Open-Air Museum, Hakone-machi, Japan
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York, NY
Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Art Institute of Chcago, Chicago, IL
Art Museum, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ
Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MD
Birmingham Museum of Art, Birmingham, AL
Bunkamura Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan
Centro Museo de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain
Chrysler Museum, Norfolk, VA
Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH