Beloosesky Gallery is interested in purchasing sculpture by Jacques Lipchitz. 

Please call (917) 749-4577 or email us at info@beloosesky.com

 

Jacques Lipchitz, the eldest son of a wealthy Jewish contractor, was born in Druskieniki, Lithuania in 1891.  His interest in modeling and drawing was evident when he was in grade school.  At the age of 18, and against the wishes of his father to become an engineer, he departed for Paris to enroll in anatomy and stone carving classes at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts - at the encouragement of his mother and uncle.  He also studied at the Academie Julian and the Academie Colarossi. 

In 1914, Lipchitz traveled with Diego Rivera to Madrid and Majorca, where he was introduced to Picasso, Max Jacob, Juan Gris, Modigliani, and other artists in the Cubist circle.  However, his greatest influence came from his interest in art history, providing him with an unlimited source of imagery.

Lipchitz applied theories of mathematics and proportion to the concepts of Braque and Picasso, as did many second generation Cubists.  A relatively new movement in art was being created, where curves, planes, lines, and their intersections and overlapping would form new relationships.  His works display a lifetime of continuous growth and exploration, spanning the Cubism style to Mannerism, and subjects from non-committal to those that carry profound visual symbolism. Although he was a leader in innovation and experimentation, his work never embraced total abstraction and never tried to escape from the reality of art as symbolic expression.

In the mid-1920s, Lipchitz began making sculptures in a distinctively new style. His sculptures were frequently constructed from bronze and engaged new ways of exploring light and space. These new works, called transparents, provided a greater emphasis on utilizing negative space. Although unpopular at the time, the works and ideas behind the transparents became popular with Picasso and Juan Gris.

After 1925, Lipchitz departed from the Cubist manner and began to soften the geometric angularity of his pieces into curvilinear, openwork sculptures whose expressive subjects were drawn from ancient mythology and the Bible.  He achieved naturalism in these works that can be seen in Woman Leaning on Elbow.

In 1941, Varian Fry was instrumental in facilitating Lipchitz to flee Vichy, France, to the United States -- during the German invasion of France. Lipchitz relocated in New York where he continued to fill commissions from all over the world including The Spirit of Enterprise, Fairmount Park, Philadelphia; Notre Dame de Liesse, Assy in Haute-Savoie; and his most famous work commissioned for the 1937 Paris Exposition Universelle entitled "Prometheus". (In the myth, the gods punish Prometheus for bringing fire to humans by turning him into stone and allowing a vulture to peck at his liver.  In the piece, however, Prometheus is shown unchained, strangling the vulture, used as a symbol of ignorance.)  In 1951, he presented Fry with his completed Embracing Figures.  In 1952, a fire destroyed and claimed most of Lipchitz' work.

In 1955, he began producing his celebrated semi-automatics-masses of clay or plasticine, which he would first mold underwater using only his sense of touch. 

Examples of his work can be seen in the Museum of Modern Art, New York City, and the Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pennsylvania.

 

Biography from the Archives of AskART

 

 

Timeline

 

1891
Chaim Jacob Lipchitz born on August 22, in Druskieniki, Lithuania. He is the first of six children to Abraham Lipchitz, a young building contractor, and Rachael Leah Krinsky

1906–1909
Attends high school in Vilna

1909
Arrives in Paris

1909
First prize - sculpture, Académie Julian, Paris, France

1909–1910
Studies with Jean-Antoine Ingalbert at the École des Beaux-Arts as a 'free pupil'

1913
Receives praise for Woman and Gazelles exhibited at the Salon d'Automne. Meets Picasso and other Cubist painters through Diego Rivera. Creates his first proto Cubist sculptures. Attends the infamous premiere of Igor Stravinsky's Rites of Spring.

1915
Meets and lives with poet Berthe Kitrosser whom he later marries

1916
Signs a contract with the dealer Léonce Rosenberg who gives him a monthly stipend. Becomes a close friend of Juan Gris

1924
Becomes a French citizen

1926
Joins the gallery of Jeanne Bucher

1930
First large retrospective exhibition of 100 works is held at Jean Bucher’s Galérie de la Renaissance, Paris. The show is favorably received. Begins to explore biblical themes and the image of mother and child.

1934
Exhibits a large scale plaster of David and Goliath at the Salon des Indépendents, Paris. His mother dies.

1935
From August through October, he takes a trip to Russia to visit family. The artist has his first important exhibition in the United States, held at the Brummer Gallery, New York, but is unable to attend.

1936–1937
The French government commissions him to create a monumental plaster sculpture (Prometheus Strangling the Vulture) for the entrance to the Science Pavilion at the Paris World’s Fair, the same exposition where Picasso's Guernica and Gonzáles's Monserrat are shown in the Spanish Pavilion

1938
Renews acquaintance with Gertrude Stein and produces two bronze portraits

1940
In May he flees with Berthe to Toulouse when the Germans occupy Paris

1941
He seeks asylum in the United States and with the help of his American friends, he arrives in New York on June 13. Joseph Brummer, now exclusively dealing in antiques, introduces the artist to Curt Valentin of the Buchholz Gallery. Mr. Valentin, who becomes his New York dealer, immediately begins to sell his work. He rents a studio in New York City on Washington Square South.

1942
Begins to exhibit regularly at the Buchholz Gallery

1946
Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur, French Republic, Paris, France

1948
Married Yulla Halberstadt. His only child, Lolya Rachel, is born

1952
George D. Widener Memorial Gold Medal Award - Prometheus Strangling the Vulture, Pennsylvania Academy of Arts, Philadelphia, PA

1955
Nôtre Dame de Liesse is completed for Nôtre Dame de Toute Grâce at Assy

1958
Receives Creative Arts Award from Brandeis University

1961–1962
He begins to be represented by the Otto Gerson Gallery, New York (later the Marlborough Gerson and presently the Marlborough Gallery, Inc.).

1963
Travels for the first time to Israel

1965
Receives an award for cultural achievement from Boston University and is made an Honorary Doctor of Laws by the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York

1966
Marlborough-Gerson Gallery, New York, exhibits Images from Italy. Receives Gold Medal from the Academy of Arts and Letters, New York

1969
Receives the Einstein Commemorative Award of Merit from the Medical Center of Yeshiva University, New York, and Medal of Achievement from American Institute of Architects.

1971
The artist travels to Israel for the retrospective exhibit at the Tel Aviv Museum which inaugurates the new museum

1973
The artist dies on the island of Capri and is later buried on Har Hamenuhot, Jerusalem

 

Exhibitions

2009–2010
Jacques Lipchitz: De la Joie de Vivre al Árbol de la Vida, Museo de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain (solo)

2009
Innovations in the Third Dimension: Sculpture of Our Times, Bruce Museum, Greenwich, CT

2009
American Artists from the Russian Empire, Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

2009
Bizarre Perfection, Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel

2009
La Escultura en la Colección del IVAM, Institut Valencia d’Art Modern, Centro Julio Gonzalez, Valencia, Spain

2009
Jacques Lipchitz: Rétrospective, Le Bellevue, Biarritz, France (solo)

2009
Jacques Lipchitz: Dibujos, Bilbao Bizkaia Kutxa, Bilbao, Spain (solo)

2009
The Anatomy of a Sculptor, Ben Uri Gallery, London, England (solo)

2008
Art Videos at the Gallery – Jacques Lipchitz: Portrait of the Artist, Barn Gallery, Ogunquit, ME (solo)

2008
Encuentros, Jacques Lipchitz y el arte primitivo, Marlborough Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain (solo)

2008
Jacques Lipchitz: Sculptures - bas-reliefs et dessins, Marlborough Monaco, Monte Carlo, Monaco (solo)

2008
American Artists from the Russian Empire, Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK; traveled to the State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia; State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia; San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, CA

2008
Matisse, Picasso and Modern Art in Paris: The T. Catesby Jones Collections, works from the collections of the University of Virginia Art Museum and the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Charlottesville, VA

2008
Paris Portraits: Artists, Friends, and Lovers, The Bruce Museum, Greenwich, CT

2007
Jacques Lipchitz: Early Works, Reliefs and Drawings, Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY

2006
Jacques Lipchitz: Interación de Formas, Fundación Bilbao Bizkaia Kutxa, Bilbao, Spain (solo)

2005
Jacques Lipchitz: Donation, Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao, Bilbao, Spain (solo)

2004
Jacques Lipchitz: Sculpture and Drawings 1912 – 1972, Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY (solo)

2003
Jacques Lipchitz: Dibujos y Esculturas, Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao, Bilbao, Spain (solo)

2002
Los Dibujos de Lipchitz/ Lipchitz’s Drawings, Institut Valencià d’Art Modern, Valencia, Spain (solo)

2001
Lipchitz and the Avant-Garde: From Paris to New York, Krannert Art Museum and Kinkead Pavilion, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (solo)

1998
Lipchitz dans les Jardins du Palais Royal, Les Jardins du Palais Royal, Paris, France; traveled to Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield, UK (solo)

1997
Jacques Lipchitz: Escultura 1911-1971, Marlborough Gallery, Madrid, Spain (solo)

1996
Jacques Lipchitz: Sculpture 1910-1940, The Paris Years, Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY (solo)

1993
Jacques Lipchitz: Esculturas, 1913-1972, Galería Marlborough Madrid, Spain (solo)

1993
Jacques Lipchitz (1891-1973), Centro de Arte Palacio Almudi Murcia, Spain (solo)

1991–1992
Jacques Lipchitz: From Sketch to Sculpture, Tel Aviv Museum of Art Tel Aviv, Israel (solo)

1989–1990
Jacques Lipchitz: A Life in Sculpture, Art Gallery of Ontario Toronto, Canada & traveling (solo)

1988
Jacques Lipchitz: Esculturas en Bronce, Galería Freites Caracas, Venezuela (solo)

1988
Hommage a Lipchitz: Oeuvres de 1914 a 1963, Galerie Hawan Moss & FIAC '88, Grand Palais Paris, France (solo)

1987
Jacques Lipchitz: The Cubist Period (1913-1930), Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY (solo)

1987
Jacques Lipchitz: Esculturas, Galería Fernando Quintana Bogota, Colombia (solo)

1986–1987
The Lipchitz Gift: Models for Sculpture, The Tate Gallery London, England (solo)

1985
Jacques Lipchitz: Sculptor and Collector, Albert and Vera List Visual Arts Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (solo)

1983
Jacques Lipchitz: Mother and Child, Norman Mackenzie Art Gallery, University of Regina, Saskatchewan (solo)

1982
Jacques Lipchitz: Sculptures (Biblical Themes) 1930-1972, Aberbach Fine Art, New York, NY (solo)

1979
Jacques Lipchitz: Small Sculptures, Maquettes and Drawings, 1915-1972, Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY (solo)

1978
Jacques Lipchitz, Galerie Brusberg, Hannover, Germany (solo)

1977
Sculptures and Drawings from the Cubist Epoch, Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY (solo)

1974–1975
Selected Master Drawings of Jacques Lipchitz: 1910 - 1958, Trisolini Gallery of Ohio University, Athens, OH; The Columbus Gallery of Fine Arts; Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY; Marlborough Godard, Toronto, Ontario (solo)

1974
Sculptures by Jacques Lipchitz, Brooks Memorial Art Gallery, Memphis, TN (solo)

1973
Jacques Lipchitz: Sculptures and Drawings, Marlborough Fine Art, London; traveled as Jacques Lipchitz: Skulpturen und Zeichnungen to Marlborough Galerie, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)

1972
Jacques Lipchitz: His Life in Sculpture, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY (solo)

 

Public Collections

Sprengel Museum, Hannover, Germany
Tate Gallery, London, England
Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv, Israel
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT
Musée d’Art et d’Histoire du Judaïsme, Paris, France
Musée National d’Art Modern, Centre George Pompidou, Paris, France
of Modern Art, New York, NY
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
New Orleans Museum of Art, New Orleans, LA
Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA
Portland Art Museum, Portland, OR
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA
Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, New York, NY
Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Germany
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC
Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts at Stanford University, Stanford, CA
Israel Museum and Billy Rose Art Garden, Jerusalem, Israel
Kunsthaus Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Montréal Museum of Fine Arts, Montréal, Quebec, Canada
Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France
Musée des Beaux-Arts, Nancy, France
Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, TX
Currier Gallery of Art, Manchester, NH
Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, TX
Denver Art Museum, Denver, CO
Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, IO
Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, Rome, Italy
Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague, The Netherlands
Hakone Open-Air Museum, Hakone-machi, Japan
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York, NY
Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Art Institute of Chcago, Chicago, IL
Art Museum, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ
Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MD
Birmingham Museum of Art, Birmingham, AL
Bunkamura Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan
Centro Museo de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain
Chrysler Museum, Norfolk, VA
Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH